Welcome to Birds & Lighting

Many of us have chosen to keep birds of all sort as companions, a hobby, or a source of income.  To accomplish this, two things must necessarily happen.  First, birds must be selectively bred, and second, they must be contained in cages or aviaries.  Irrespective of how humane or elaborate the accommodations, one must recognize that both situations are unnatural and contrived in the general life scheme of birds.

The purpose of this site is to assist the aviculturist in creating and maintaining the best possible environment for their feathered charges.  Lighting is a primary consideration in both health and behavior.  Therefore, every effort has been made to supply the aviculturist with the best information on avian lighting available.

All pages are optimized for viewing in Netscape 4.7/Internet Explorer 5.01 at an 800x600 or above screen resolution.  I apologize for any visual inconsistencies which may appear to those viewing at lower resolutions.

You are visitor number                                      since January 1, 1999.






The B&L Website is again back on the internet for avicultural reference.  It has been many years since I conducted the original research which led to this site and the understandings that we have today about artificial light and tropical birds.  It was an honor to play such a substantial role—and see my work brought so dynamically into what is today ‘common’ knowledge.  It has also been interesting to see how many companies, individuals, and professionals chose to violate copyright laws and plagiarize in whole cloth my articles for their own purposes.  I suppose that is the sincerest form of flattery and validation.


Nothing above this addendum section—or in the subsequent pages has been updated or changed from its original publication. It is still a classic circa 2000 HTML driven site, and I decided to leave the period references to the screen resolutions and available browsers in place.  You may of course use modern browsers—and I highly recommend Firefox and Chrome.


In any event, not an awful lot has changed in the years since this information was first presented.  Manufacturers still lie about the relative performance and merits of their products—and many pet owners still cannot seem to get a clue and argue things that were empirically demonstrated years ago.  Linear fluorescent tubes remain the best option—and the Philips TL950 is still the top of the range.  Compact fluorescents have not changed an iota in their appropriateness for avian use—they are still not a valid option.


LED lighting as I noted over a decade ago would one day lead the charge.  It is still too early in the consumer cycle to look at any of these for use with birds—certainly none meant for household or commercial use even remotely could be considered full spectrum.  It will be up to those in the future to develop LED lighting solutions that contain a range of LED devices that cover the visible spectrum.  We can only hope…


So enjoy, and be kind to your feathered charges.


Patrick Thrush

June, 2013



Website design by Solutions! Copyright 1999-2013 by Patrick Thrush
Last updated 01/04/00 (Reposted 6/21/13)